Secondary packaging covers all industries, as well as classified beer, water, non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, food, non-food. A choice of packaging machinery includes: technical capabilities, labor requirements, worker safety, maintainability, serviceability, reliability, ability to integrate into the packaging line, capital cost, floorspace, flexibility (change-over, materials, etc.), energy usage, quality of outgoing packages, qualifications (for food, pharmaceuticals, etc.), throughput, efficiency, productivity, ergonomics, return on investment.
Packaging machines may be of the following general types.